By Peter C Horn
The Sequence of Inheritance is as follows:
Sir William Daubeney (C 1304 – C 1372)
Sir Ralph Daubeney (C 1304 – 1378) Twin brother of last.
Sir Giles (I) Daubeney (C 1333 – 1386) Son of last.
Sir Giles (II) Daubeney (1370 – 1403) Son of last.
John Daubeney (C 1394 – 1409) Son of last.
Sir Giles (III) Daubeney (1399 – 1446) Brother of last.
Sir William Daubeney (1424 – 1461) Son of last.
Giles (IV) 1st Baron Daubeney (1451 – 1508) Son of last.
Henry 2nd Baron Daubeney (1493 – 1548). Son of last.
The Daubeney family of Kempston was no doubt related to the D’Albini family of Clophill and Cainhoe, Bedfordshire, who came from Normandy, but the Kempston family came from Brittany, their name deriving from the town of Aubigne in the diocese of Rennes. A branch of the family settled at South Lincolnshire while retaining the overlordship of their land in Brittany.
In 1237 John le Scot, Lord of the Manor of Kempston, died and eventually the Manor was divided between his three sisters.
The Manor (later called ‘Kempston Daubeney’) was the inheritance of Scot’s eldest sister, Margaret, passing through several hands until 1333 when William Daubeney (c1304-c1372) obtained reversion of the Manor and entered into possession in 1334. In 1337 he obtained the Manor for himself and his heirs. The Manor of Kempston Daubeney remained in his family until 1508.
Sir William Daubeney, (the spelling ‘Daubeney’ was adopted by his line in 1304, (see note 1) was granted the Manor of Kempston and Tottenham by Edward II, in 1333. Sir William died in c1372 and, there being no male heir, the Manor was purchased by his nephew Sir Giles (I) Daubeney (C 1333 – 1386) who was the son of Sir Ralph Daubeney the twin brother of Sir William.
Sir Giles (I)
Even before his father’s death, Sir Giles (I) had begun building up his own estates. In 1357 he purchased the Manors of Kempston, Bedfordshire and Tottenham, Middlesex, for 200 Marks (see note 2) from his uncle Sir William.
Sir Giles (I) died in June 1386 and was buried at Kempston.
Sir Giles (II)
Sir Giles (I) had a son, Sir Giles (II) who was aged sixteen at his father’s death.
Sir Giles (II) served as sheriff in Bedfordshire in 1394/1395 and 1400. He died in 1403 and was buried at Kempston. In his will he expressed the wish to be buried in the porch of Kempston parish church. The porch referred to is not the current porch, which is 15th century in date. In 1840, workmen repairing the floor of the south porch uncovered a gravestone, which may indicate the last resting place of Sir Giles (II) (1370-1403). The stone has an unusual cross in the shape of a sword carved on the top. However the stone has been dated 13th century, which, if correct, is earlier than the dates for Sir Giles (II).
Sir Giles (II) had two sons. The elder was John Daubeney who married but
died in 1409 without offspring. His heir was his younger brother, Sir Giles (III).
Sir Giles (III)
Sir Giles (III) took possession of his inheritance in 1416. He was active in Bedfordshire, serving as sheriff in 1431/2 and expanded his estates. Upon his death in 1446, Sir Giles (III) was succeeded by his eldest son, William Daubeney.
William was knighted and served as Member of Parliament for Bedfordshire in 1448-9. Sir William’s son and heir was Giles
(IV) Daubeney, who became the 1st Baron Daubeney.
Giles 1st Baron Daubeney
Giles (IV) attempted to overthrow Richard III. The plot failed and he escaped to France. Returning with Henry Tudor in 1485, Giles was rewarded by being given the title of Baron Daubeney. He died in 1508 and was buried in Westminster Abbey, where alabaster effigies of him and his wife survive. In 1502, Giles (IV) sold the Kempston Manor to Sir Reginald Bray and purchased the old D’Albini Manors of Clophill/Cainhoe. This ended the association of the Daubeney family with the Kempston Manor. Sir Giles (IV) was succeeded by his son, Henry Daubeney.
Henry 2nd Baron Daubeney
Henry Daubeney sold the Bedfordshire Manors of Clophill/Cainhoe to Sir William Compton. Henry was created Earl of Bridgewater by Henry VIII and died without heir in 1548, when therefore all his titles passed away.
The spelling ‘Daubeney’ is a corruption of D’Aubigne or in Latin ‘D’Albini,’
perhaps adopted to make the name seem more English. The descendants of the D’Albini family of the Manors of Clophill/Cainhoe, when that family ceased to hold the manors, gradually adopted various forms of the name ‘Albini,’ such
as Albin, Albon, Albany and Albone.
The Mark never appeared as a coin in England, but was used as a unit of account. It seems to have been introduced into England in the 10th century by the Danish invaders. Prior to 1066, in 10th century Anglo-Saxon England, it was probably
equal to 100 pence, but after the Norman invasion it gained in value being worth 160 pence or two thirds of a pound Stirling.
The Daubeney Coat of Arms
The Daubeney Arms are the same as the D’Albini family of Clophill/Cainhoe,
i.e. Gules, four fusils conjoined in fess argent. The design of the badge adopted by Daubeney School in Kempston is very similar to the arms of the Daubeney family.
Kempston Manor House
The present 19th century Kempston Manor House in Manor Drive, alongside the river walk, was built on or near the site of
the old Manor House that was once occupied by the Daubeney family. In 1333, the Manor House had orchard, gardens, dovecote and rabbit warren. The warren was probably in Hill Grounds, near part of what later became Robert Bruce School
Kuhlicke F.W. Bedfordshire Magazine, Vol 1, p 311
Luckett D.A. Crown Patronage & Political Moralities. The case of Giles, Lord Daubeney. EHR 1995